Studien von Zeitfragen
43. Jahrgang - InternetAusgabe 2009


reOrient256Andre Gunder Frank

Asian Economy

until appx 1763

Money Went Around the World and Made the World
Go Round (from reOrient)

But why and how did this money make the world go round? Why did anybody—indeed everybody!—want this money so much as to drive up its price, and in Asia and especially in China to keep the money that arrived from elsewhere? Because people and companies and governments there were able to use money to buy other commodities, including precious metals such as gold and silver. ... No less and no more than anywhere else, either then or today. That is, the money supported and generated effective demand, and the demand elicited supply. Of course, additional demand could only elicit additional supply where and when it could. That is, there had to be productive capacity and/or the possibility to expand it through investment and improved productivity.”

“The argument here is that that expansion was possible and did happen, especially in many parts of Asia. Otherwise, the Asians would not have demanded and bought the additional foreign and domestic money either by supplying commodities or other money for it. If supplies of commodities had not been able to expand, any increased demand for them would just have driven up the price of existing commodities through what is called inflation—and/or there would not have been demand to import this additional new money in the first place! That is, the new silver and copper money, not to mention the additional credit it supported, increasingly monetized and stimulated production in the world, regional, "national," and many local "economies," that is in these parts of the single global economy.
... The combination of these arguments here supports my thesis that there was only one world economy/system and that it had its own structure and dynamic. Money played an important part during the period of global development from 1400 to 1800. Money went around the world and made the world go round in this global casino in which it supplied and vastly increased the lifeblood that fueled and oiled the wheels of agriculture, industry, and commerce.”

China in the world economy

China lays down the Gauntlet
in Energy War

By F. William Engdahl

The Making of a China-EU World
By David Gosset DoppelPfeil klein02

Australia and The Rise of China as
A Function of American
Post-Industrial Decay
DoppelPfeil klein02
By James Cumes

Russia in eurasia

Color Revolutions, Geopolitics
and the Baku Pipeline

By F William Engdahl, 27 June, 2005


For the first time in more than 50 years of estrangement from the Chinese Communist Party, Taiwan's Kuomintang has sent a delegation to mainland China. In Asia Times Online Henry C K Liu examines the history behind the move.

The Myth of Tiananmen And the Price of a Passive Press

Before the Next Catastrophe
By Uri Avnery, 01.01.05 / Deutsch


Natural disasters exert an enormous toll on development. In doing so, they pose a significant threat to prospects for achieving the Millennium Development Goals in particular, the overarching target of halving extreme poverty by 2015. Annual economic losses associated with such disasters averaged US$ 75.5 billion in the 1960s, US$ 138.4 billion in the 1970s, US$ 213.9 billion in the 1980s and US$ 659.9 billion in the 1990s. The majority of these losses are concentrated in the developed world and fail to adequately capture the impact of the disaster on the poor who often bear the greatest cost in terms of lives and livelihoods, and rebuilding their shattered communities and infrastructure. Today, 85 percent of the people exposed to earthquakes, tropical cyclones, floods and droughts live in countries having either medium or low human development. more

United Nations Development Program
has begun development of a Disaster Risk Index (DRI)

Waiting for the next Tsunami

“A large, wider Europe, driven into hegemonic rivalry by the present hyperpower play by the United States, is a somber scenario.”

Arno Tausch, Speaking Freely, in Asia Times Online

Die endlose Türkei-Debatte
Ein Dossier von Arno Tausch

Die Türkei, die islamische Welt und die Zukunft Europas. Ein Lehrstück zur US-Außenpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert
Von Arno Tausch

Jahrbuch 2002

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Prof. Hans Poser: Bericht über den VII. Internationalen Leibniz Kongreß



Novissima Sinica
Historiam nostri temporis illustratura

Das Neuste von China
Zur Erhellung der Geschichte unserer Zeit

Zur Relevanz der Novissima Sinica
Vorwort 1979
Redaktionelle Bemerkung

Leibniz und Russland
Begegnungen zwischen Leibniz und Peter dem Großen

China und der Rest der Welt / Verein für Geschichte des Weltsystems

Glasfaserseidenstraße Deutschland - China

Jahrbuch 2000

Orient und Okzident in Weimar

»In der Welt des Menschen
gibt es kein absolutes Anderssein«

De Ludo Globi

Die Rede des iranischen Präsidenten Mohammed Khatami in Weimar am 12.7.2000

Toscanellis Brief über den westlichen Weg

Weltwirtschaft im



Global Economy in

the Asian Age

Ein Gegenentwurf zur Analyse der letzten zwei Jahrhunderte eurozentrischer Geschichtsschreibung und Gesellschaftstheorie ...

Weltwirtschaft und ihre sektorale und regionale Arbeitsteilung und zyklische Dynamik von 1400 bis 1800.